The higher smoking rates—1 in 3 adults with mental illness smoke compared to 1 in 5 adults without mental illness—contribute to a shorter life expectancy. People with mental illness die about five years earlier than those without these disorders, and many of these deaths are caused by smoking cigarettes.
The disproportionate effect tobacco has on this population, and other marginalized groups, is due to various social and economic disadvantages. One factor that these populations have in common: they have all been exploited by the tobacco industry.
Courting People with Mental Health Conditions The tobacco industry has marketed to people with mental health conditions in several ways, including giving free cigarettes away to psychiatric facilities.
Industry documents show that tobacco companies targeted psychiatric facilities with product promotions and giveaways during the 1980s and 1990s, and that facilities also requested cigarette donations. An example can be found in a 1995 letter from a mental illness and substance abuse treatment center in North Carolina that refers to multiple cigarette donations the facility had received over the years: “In the past, your company has made our clients a lot happier during the holidays by providing us with several cases of cigarettes.” The tobacco company responded to the request with 800 sample cigarettes click here.
The tobacco industry has also supported some common misconceptions about tobacco and mental health—that cigarettes have a therapeutic effect and quitting will make symptoms worse—by funding misleading research studies. Companies have promoted messages that cigarettes will “improve your mood” and “help you to relax,” said Dr. Jill M. Williams, professor of psychiatry and director of the division of addiction psychiatry at Rutgers University-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, at the 2017 Warner Series on tobacco and social justice.
Contrary to messages from the industry, research shows that quitting tobacco improves treatment outcomes for substance use and mental health conditions. Multiple studies have shown that people with a substance use disorder are more successful at avoiding a relapse if they quit tobacco while seeking treatment for an addiction. Research also shows that people in recovery from depression or mood disorders experience fewer symptoms if they quit tobacco as part of their treatment.
Barriers to Quitting Despite the benefits of quitting tobacco, people with mental health conditions face many barriers when it comes to quitting.
Many treatment centers do not offer smoking cessation services, and the tobacco industry has also supported efforts to block smoking restrictions at mental health facilities. A journal article on tobacco use and schizophrenia found that Big Tobacco “hired legal counsel to monitor research on hospital smoking restrictions."
Given the targeted marketing to this population, it may not be surprising that people with mental illness have less successful quit rates than others.
Tobacco “is the number one cause of death in this population,” said Williams, “and there is tremendous evidence that people can quit smoking, and when people do, they have better mental health outcomes and certainly would live longer and better lives.”
mt1020 kate spade bags ugg boots on sale north face jackets nfl jerseys wholesale ugg outlet yeezy boost coach outlet ugg outlet adidas superstar ray ban sunglasses cheap jordans ray ban sunglasses michael kors outlet moncler uk canada goose outlet polo ralph lauren outlet coach bags coach outlet louis vuitton outlet store moncler outlet polo ralph lauren outlet online moncler jackets jordan retro oakley sunglasses cheap ray ban sunglasses coach factory outlet michael kors outlet clearance cheap uggs kate spade outlet coach outlet birkenstocks cheap nfl jerseys coach outlet toms shoes outlet toms outlet air max 2017 canada goose clothing air jordan shoes uggs michael kors outlet store christian louboutin cheap uggs ugg boots michael kors canada cheap uggs moncler outlet air max 2018 yeezy 350 boost michael kors outlet louis vuitton outlet store ralph lauren sale clearance michael kors canada rayban supreme clothing hermes outlet coach factory outlet canada goose sale christian louboutin outlet coach outlet coach factory outlet online uggs clearance coach factory outlet harden vol 1 nike air max kate spade handbag ugg boots toms shoes outlet coach outlet coach outlet longchamp uk canada goose sale michael kors handbags ray ban sunglasses ugg ustralia salvatore ferragamo shoes coach outlet ugg outlet ugg outlet ugg sandals uggs on sale canada goose outlet coach outlet ralph lauren outlet ray ban sunglasses discount cheap ray bans cheap jerseys ugg ugg boots for women canada goose coats coach outlet michael kors outlet fitflops canadian goose kate spade handbags christian louboutin outlet valentino shoes ugg boots coach outlet hermens bags air jordans louis vuitton outlet online nike cortez longchamp bags pandora outlet moncler outlet moncler jackets pandora charms sale clearance birkenstock sandals nike store fitflops sale ugg ustralia ralph lauren outlet moncler jackets coach outlet cat boots adidas outlet adidas shoes nike outlet store michael kors outlet moncler coach outlet ugg outlet canada goose outlet burberry outlet canada louboutin shoes cheap jordan shoes discount oakley sunglasses pandora uk canada goose coats ralph lauren outlet pandora jewelry supreme clothing longchamp handbags valentino shoes outlet cheap ray ban sunglasses coach factory outlet ugg shoes louis vuitton outlet michael kors outlet clearance pandora pandora jewelry mulberry outlet coach outlet cheap jordans ugg boots adidas nmd hermes handbags the north face coach outlet canada goose outlet coach outlet tory burch outlet store ugg sandals canada goose jackets nike outlet online hermes handbags cheap uggs ugg boots outlet ugg sale burberry michael kors outlet canada goose outlet nike outlet store coach factory outlet michael kors outlet burberry outlet pandora charms mulberry bags michael kors handbags cheap jerseys from china fred perry polo moncler ralph lauren outlet burberry outlet michael kors outlet store ugg uk ugg boots air jordan shoes north face outlet online ugg outlet michael kors uk coach canada canada goose jackets timberland boots hermes handbags michael kors handbags coach factorty outlet james harden shoes ugg outlet store canada goose jackets north face jackets adidas yeezy christian louboutin michael kors handbags canada goose jackets moncler outlet christian louboutin outlet coach factory outlet polo ralph lauren outlet online pandora outlet polo ralph lauren coach outlet store online clearances coach outlet store red bottoms shoes coach canada cheap jordans louis vuitton outlet online custom jerseys store louis vuitton factory outlet michael kors outlet ugg australia canada goose uk nike outlet ugg outlet ugg boots michael kors outlet clearance coach factory outlet pandora jewelry coach factory outlet superdry pandora charms sale burberry sale michael kors outlet cheap ugg boots nmd adidas kate spade coach factory outlet longchamp outlet hermes bags adidas shoes air jordans nike shoes birkenstocks coach outlet canada goose outlet ralph lauren uk uggs canada burberry outlet ugg outlet ugg boots north face outlet canada goose jackets ray ban sunglasses coach factory outlet pandora outlet pandora charms polo ralph lauren outlet online coach factory outlet michael kors outlet store michael kors outlet online michael kors outlet ugg outlet columbia sportswear ugg outlet polo ralph lauren outlet online coach outlet store michael kors outlet ralph lauren uk hermes birkin ugg boots canada goose moncler jackets kate spade outlet ferragamo outlet toms outlet moncler coats ugg sale adidas yeezy boost ugg outlet store adidas nmd jordan retro 11 canada goose jackets nmd adidas nike air max ralph lauren outlet ugg boots adidas yeezy coach factory outlet coach outlet coach outlet burberry outlet kate spade outlet store cheap jordans uggs canada ugg outlet canada goose louboutin shoes cheap jordans free shipping ferragamo shoes louis vuitton yeezy boost pandora charms christian louboutin outlet louis vuitton outlet polo ralph lauren outlet online canada goose outlet coach outlet store ralph lauren outlet nike huarache yeezy boost adidas yeezy canada goose sale nike shoes ugg outlet moncler jackets longchamp handbags polo ralph lauren red bottom shoes oakley sunglasses coach outlet store burberry outlet adidas yeezy boost polo ralph lauren yeezy boost 350 ugg australia superdry uk jordan shoes cheap uggs michael kors outlet adidas superstar ralph lauren outlet ray ban sunglasses north face outlet coach outlet online toms shoes coach factory outlet ralph lauren uk ugg canada ultra boost canada goose clothing coach outlet online michael kors outlet online polo outlet fred perry nmd shoes michael kors outlet canada goose jackets burberry outlet store tory burch outlet ray ban sunglasses moncler uk canada goose jackets ugg outlet tory burch outlet adidas nmd cheap jordans uggs outlet louis vuitton outlet ugg outlet canada goose jackets pandora jewelry mulberry handbags ralph lauren uk salvatore ferragamo pandora jewelry cheap ray bans oakley sunglasses ugg boots ugg outlet store ralph lauren outlet online moncler jackets ugg shoes mlb jerseys cheap moncler outlet coach factorty outlet ugg outlet online canada goose polo ralph lauren supreme new york ugg outlet online ugg boots ray ban sunglasses moncler jackets outlet canada goose jackets coach outlet moncler outlet cheap uggs ugg boots canada goose oakley sunglasses ugg boots ralph lauren outlet cheap mlb jerseys toms shoes outlet mulberry uk cheap ray ban sunglasses ugg outlet uggs nike shoes ralph lauren outlet online coach outlet polo ralph lauren outlet online birkenstock sandals adidas shoes pandora charms sale clearance discount ray ban sunglasses jordan shoes louis vuitton outlet coach outlet canada goose coats michael kors outlet canada goose outlet gucci handbags cheap jordans polo outlet ugg boots canada ugg boots on sale michael kors outlet adidas outlet canada goose outlet canada goose outlet longchamp uk adidas yeezy cheap ray ban sunglasses ugg boots canada goose jackets louboutin shoes uggs clearance coach factory outlet uggs outlet ray ban sunglasses discount ugg slippers doudoune moncler cheap oakley sunglasses canada goose outlet cheap ugg boots kate spade ugg outlet canada goose outlet ugg outlet pandora jewelry coach factory outlet online mbt shoes jordans coach factory outlet gucci outlet canada goose sale canada goose christian louboutin michael kors handbags ralph lauren sale clearance coach outlet store online coach handbags cheap jordans for sale pandora charms sale polo ralph lauren outlet pandora charms nike outlet nike outlet uggs on sale adidas outlet michael kors outlet store mbt shoes coach outlet cheap mlb jerseys nike shoes for men michael kors factory outlet pandora jewelry outlet timberland outlet canada goose sale cheap ugg boots ugg boots adidas shoes red bottoms coach outlet store mt1020
nike roshe run air max 2016 nike air max 90 jordan 4 michael kors handbags yeezy boost 350 new england patriots jersey michael kors outlet online calvin klein outlet kobe 11 links of london outlet store kyrie 3 chrome hearts online vans shoes adidas stan smith sneakers golden goose sneakers asics shoes ferragamo belts cheap basketball shoes nike huarache nike air max pandora jewelry jordan 13 air jordan true religion longchamp bags adidas tubular lebron 13 nike roshe uk lacoste online shop kate spade handbags calvin klein outlet online led shoes for kids air jordans true religion jeans yeezy shoes yeezy boost 350 true religion outlet vibram five fingers michael kors outlet online air jordan shoes adidas online shop adidas shoes atlanta falcons jersey michael kors factory outlet adidas tubular curry 4 air yeezy longchamp longchamps yeezy yeezy shoes air force 1 yeezy boost 350 ferragamo belt hermes belts for men roshe shoes gucci belts nike roshe one kyrie shoes nike polo shirts nike air force jordan shoes adidas superstar shoes adidas nmd adidas eqt lacoste outlet tom ford sunglasses kevin durant shoes goyard handbags links of london sale curry 3 longchamp outlet adidas gazelle yeezy van cleef arpels michael kors outlet online pandora charms nike air zoom kobe basketball shoes kobe shoes ysl handbags jordan shoes golden goose outlet kyrie 3 shoes adidas tubular longchamp michael kors handbags air max 2018 michael kors handbags fitflops kobe sneakers reebok shoes lebron james shoes tory burch shoes pandora jewelry nike air max 90 fitflops sale clearance birkin bag kate spade outlet hogan outlet balenciaga shoes pandora bracelet adidas outlet kobe shoes lebron 13 shoes hermes belts 100% real jordans for cheap brady jersey michael kors outlet converse outlet store cheap jordans yeezy boost michael kors outlet yeezys michael kors outlet birkin bag adidas yeezy boost tom ford eyewear jordan retro nmd kobe 9 adidas outlet online yeezy boost 350 louboutin shoes michael kors hermes belt jordan shoes kyrie irving shoes retro jordans yeezy boost 350 converse outlet adidas neo kobe 9 lebron 14 light up shoes cheap jordans chrome hearts nike mercurial adidas nmd cheap mlb jerseys moncler outlet led shoes chrome hearts yeezy boost 350 nike air max 2017 adidas store longchamp bags cheap jordans lacoste polo james harden shoes jordan 11 nike roshe run yeezys louboutin shoes uk nike dunk shoes golden goose kyrie 4 van cleef basketball shoes yeezy boost mlb jerseys air jordan 13 cheap jordans hermes belt vans shoes harden shoes adidas nmd pandora charms adidas superstar nike zoom running shoe michael kors handbags nike huarache nfl jerseys air max asics running shoes nike air force 1 nike polo yeezy boost 350 nike air zoom adidas outlet vibram fivefingers cheap jordans curry 4 adidas yeezy michael kors outlet air max 90 tory burch shoes longchamp bags adidas online shop adidas tubular air max 90 adidas ultra boost curry shoes yeezy boost 350 v2 real jordans for sale cheap kobe byrant shoes cartier bracelet nike air huarache michael kors outlet yeezy boost 350 v2 longchamp outlet Kanye West shoes jordan shoes adidas nmd runner hogan outlet online hermes handbags air jordan shoes timberland boots tory burch outlet timberland outlet chrome hearts online retro jordans air force 1 adidas stan smith vans outlet converse outlet golden goose sneakers kobe shoes led shoes cheap jordans nike football boots adidas yeezy yeezy boost jordan 11 retro longchamp af1 jordan 12 nike zoom retro jordans ultra boost michael kors outlet store hermes birkin yeezy boost 350 v2 yeezy shoes nmd adidas superstar michael kors outlet golden goose yeezy shoes adidas ultra falcons jersey prada glasses http://www.kobeshoes.uk moncler jackets goyard bags longchamp handbags yeezy boost 350 v2 ysl bags michael kors uk reebok outlet air max 2017 nmd adidas tubular shadow converse shoes longchamps dior glasses kyrie 4 gucci belt stephen curry shoes adidas outlet yeezy boost 350 golden goose kate spade outlet online lacoste outlet links of london yeezy shoes michael jordan shoes lebron 14 shoes air jordan nike air force 1 dior sunglasses adidas tubular shadow adidas outlet online nike foamposite nhl jerseys adidas ultra boost jordan shoes nike zoom adidas nmd r1 adidas ultra boost uncaged jordan 6 adidas ultra boost basketball shoes nike air huarache nike basketball shoes adidas stan smith shoes http://www.kobebasketballshoes.us.com kd shoes adidas superstar shoes adidas stan smith prada sunglasses michael jordan shoes true religion nike air max 2018 adidas nmd nike huarache jordan retro 6 yeezy boost 350 v2 nike air max jordan retro 12 roshe run nike air force 100% real jordans for cheap patriots jersey yeezy boost fitflops nike dunks birkin bag michael kors factory outlet authentic jordans curry 3 shoes longchamp handbags yeezy boost kobe 11 hermes belt adidas nmd longchamp bags longchamp sale longchamp cheap nfl jerseys lebron shoes yeezy shoes kobe basketball shoes links of london chrome hearts balenciaga sneakers